In preschool education was promoted in one-third of countries in the CEECIS in 2011.
Quote of the month
Geeta Rao Gupta, UNICEF Deputy Executive Director
UNICEF programme map
- Maternal and child health
- HIV/Youth-friendly health services
- Basic education
- Monitoring of quality of education
- Inclusive education
- Water, sanitary and hygiene
- Justice for children
- Child care reform
- Disaster risk reduction
- Decentralized planning and child rights monitoring
- Preschool education
- Communication for development
The region of Karakalpakstan is an autonomous republic, located in western Uzbekistan near the former Aral Sea. It has a population of 1,711,800, an area of 166,590 km2, and is surrounded by desert. The region’s capital is the city of Nukus, and its economy is based on cotton, rice and other agriculture. Hydroelectric power is provided by a soviet-built station on the Amudarya river.
The Navoi region is located in the north-west of country, with the Kyzyl-Kum desert taking up a large portion of its 110,990 km2 of territory. The region’s population is around 888,400, with 50 per cent living in rural areas, and its capital is the city of Navoi. The region has significant natural resources, and its economy is heavily dependent on mining, metallurgical and chemical production complexes. A Free Industrial Economic Zone (FIEZ) has been recently established in Navoi.
The region of Khorezm is located in the north-west of Uzbekistan, with an area of 6,050 km2 and a population of around 1,653,800. The region borders Turkmenistan and Karakalpakstan, and once bordered the former Aral Sea. The region’s capital is the city of Urgench, and its economy is primarily based on cotton production.
The Bukhara region borders Turkmenistan, covers an area of 40,320 km2, and as of 2005 it had an estimated population of 1,730,000 with 61 per cent living in rural areas. The old sector of the capital of Bukhara is a UNESCO World Heritage, and is a centre for international tourism. The region has significant natural resources, light industry, and the Bukhara Oil Refinery in Kagan being the flagship of the country’s petrochemical industry.
The Samarkand region is located in the centre of Uzbekistan, in the basin of the Zarafshan River. With the city of Samarkand as its capital, the region covers an area of 16,770 km2 and has a population of around 3,380,900, 61 per cent living in rural areas. Samarkand is the 2nd largest centre for economy, science and culture in Uzbekistan, after Tashkent, containing the Institute of Archaeology at the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The Samarkand region has developed several branches of industry, which include food processing, machinery manufacturing, metalworking and production of construction materials.
The Kashkadarya region borders Tajikistan and Turkmenistan, covering an area of 28,570 km2, and as of 2007 had a population of around 2,831,300 (56 per cent living in rural areas). Its capital is the city of Karshi, and its economy is supported by both industry and irrigated agriculture, assisted by the large Tollimarjon reservoir. The region has 350 km of railways and 4,000 km of surfaced roads. Kashkadarya is also known for its well-developed upstream oil and gas industries.
The Surkhandarya region is located in the south-east of the country, sharing borders with Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan, covering an area of 20,100 km2 and containing a population of around 2,260,600 as of 2013. The region’s capital is the city of Termez, while 64 per cent of the region’s population lives in rural areas. Light industry, mainly cotton and food processing, play an important role in the region’s economy.
The Tashkent region is located in the north-east of Uzbekistan, with an area of 15,250 km2, and a population of around 5,036,600. 73 per cent of this population lives in the cities of Tashkent, Chirchik, Bekabad, and in other urbanised areas, with Tashkent City having a population of 2.34 million. Being the capital of Uzbekistan, Tashkent City is the country’s most economically-developed territory with infrastructure including 360 km of railways and 3771 km of surfaced roads. Tashkent City also accommodates Uzbekistan’s main international airport. The main sectors of the Tashkent region’s industry are iron and steel manufacturing, non-ferrous metallurgy, food processing, power generation, chemical and petrochemical manufacturing, the production of construction materials, mechanical engineering and metalworking, with a total yearly output of approximately 7.100 billion Uzbek soum.
The Namangan region is located in the far east of Uzbekistan, bordering Kyrgyzstan, covering an area of 7,440 km2 and containing a population of around 2,458,700. The region’s capital is the city of Namangan, while over 36 per cent of its population lives in rural areas. The region’s economy is supported by its hydrocarbon reserves, agriculture and industry.
The Fergana region is in the far east of Uzbekistan, bordering Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and covers an area of 6,760 km2 with a population of 3,329,700, 42 per cent of whom live in rural areas. The region’s capital is the city of Fergana, and its economy is mainly based on agriculture and petrochemical industry.
The Andijan region is located in far-eastern Uzbekistan, shares a border with Kyrgyzstan, and covers an area of 4,300 km2. With a population of around 2,756,500, it is Uzbekistan’s most densely populated region with share of rural population around 47 per cent. The region contains agriculture, restricted to irrigated lands, and a range of industry including metal processing, chemical industry, light industry, food processing and automobile manufacturing.