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14.12.2018 17:07:48

Recognising ‘danger signs’ in new-born and childhood illnesses (0-5 years old)

UNICEF Uzbekistan
© UNICEF Uzbekistan

Coughs, colds, sore throats and runny noses are common in the lives of children. Usually they are no cause for alarm. In some cases, however, coughs are danger signs of more serious illnesses, such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Pneumonia is the world’s leading cause of death in girls and boys under age five, closely followed by diarrhoea. Around two million children die from pneumonia every year. Pneumonia kills more children than AIDS, malaria and measles combined. One out of every five deaths of children under age five is caused by this respiratory infection.

All girls and boys have the right to quality healthcare, to make sure that respiratory infections and other illnesses are accurately diagnosed and treated before it is too late.

Each parent/caregiver should know about ‘danger signs’ in newborn and childhood illnesses.

Danger signs in infants aged 0-2 months:

  • Breastfeeding poorly
  • Becomes sicker
  • Reduced activity
  • Develops a fever
  • Fast breathing
  • Difficult breathing
  • Feels unusually cold
  • Blood in the stools
  • Palms and soles appear yellow
Danger signs in children aged 2 months to 5 years:

  • Not able to drink or breastfeed
  • Vomiting after any food or drink
  • Convulsions
  • Lethargic or unconscious
  • Develops a fever
  • Fast breathing
  • Difficult breathing
  • Blood in stool

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